Georgian Academy of Agricultural Sciences

GAAS

Meeting of the Commission on Agrarian Innovations

On January 29, 2020, a Meeting of the Commission on Agrarian Innovations (The head of the Commission Academician A. Didebulidze) was organized.

Tsotne Samadashvili, Professor of Agrarian University, the Head of Grain Culture Department of Scientific Research Center, made a presentation on the topic: “The significance of Georgian wheat in the world and the production strategy”. Co-presenter was Paata Koghuashvili. Wheat is one of the most ancient cultures in Georgia, and out of 27 varieties of wheat registered in the world, the origin of 14 - is Georgia, out of which 5 are endemic varieties. They are considered to be the best genetic source in the world selection process of wheat.

The demand on Georgian wheat has been increased significantly for the last years. In three scientific-research centers, the process of preservation, renovation, maintenance and propagation is successfully carried out.

On the testing plot of the wheat, endemic varieties are grown to meet the demands of Georgian farmers.

The recent Government decision on this issue recommend an increase of wheat production in Georgia, but it has to be clearly defined that the wheat crop enhancement and compatibility should be achieved only through application of high quality sowing seeds and enhanced agro-technical measures.

To accomplish this goal, it is necessary to develop seed processing and producing infrastructure, and finally substitute imported wheat. Between the wheat growers and producers should be set up a long term, stable cooperation.

   The abovementioned presentation raised a live interest among the meeting participants who were involved in discussion round the problem and adopted some recommendations.    

  

Meeting of the Presidium of Georgian Academy of Agricultural Sciences

120 years Jubilee of Academician Nikoloz Khomizurashvili

Xomiz 1On January 29, 2020, a Meeting of the Presidium of Georgian Academy of Agricultural Sciences was held dedicated to a distinguished Georgian scholar, Academician Nikoloz Khomizurashvili.

N. Khomizurashvili was one of the founders of Georgian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, its vice-president, academician, member correspondent of the Academy, Doctor of Agriculture, Professor, and an honored scientist.

The Meeting was opened by the President of the Academy Guram Aleksidze who talked about his scientific achievements and remembered a few distinguished moments from his long and fruitful cooperation with the scholar.

Academician Vazha Kvaliashvili spoke about the yearly years of Khomizurashvili’s life, who was born in 1900, January 24, in Telavi, Kakheti, and then the presenter talked in details about his long and fruitful scientific and social activities.

N. Khomizurashvili finished Telavi Gymnasium in 1925, and after graduating from Tbilisi University Department of Agronomy, was offered to continue working at the same Department. Soon he was sent to Germany to get a deeper knowledge in different scientific institutes of Europe. Sponsored by German scolars, he travelled in France, Belgium, Italy, and Holland to study the problems of genetics and selection.

During his long and fruitful life, he worked on different positions, as a director of Scientific – Research Institute of Viticulture, Horticulture and Winemaking of Georgia, during which he initiated opening of the Museum of Wine.

Academician Khomizurashvili is the author of hundreds of scientific researches, among which are: Atlas of Fruits, text-books on horticulture in 2 volumes. He was one of the founders of industrial horticulture in Georgia, described and studies many species of fruit, made a classification of fruit varieties.

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N. Khomizurashvili was also outstanding public figure. In 1961, Nikita Khrushchov, then First Secretary General of CPSS ordered to cut down vineyards in Kakheti region and sow corn instead. Khomizurashvili managed to persuade Georgian government that it would be an unpardonable mistake and thus saved his country from the catastrophe which would be a blow to Georgian viticulture and winemaking.  

N. Khomizurashvili was awarded with many state medals, and his achievements were many times distinguished by Georgian Government and his personality was highly appreciated by the nation. In 1966, he was awarded with the Honorable Title of a Hero of Labor.

N. Khomizurashvili passed in 1971, and is buried in Didube Pantheon, Tbilisi.

Academicians Nodar Chkhartishvili, Iuza Aasadze, the grandson of Khomizurashvili, and Zurab Chpashvili retold to the audience about their memories connected with distinguished scientists and statesman whose scientific achievements are known far beyond Georgia. Academician N. Khomizurashvili has earned the name of distinguished scholar and his patriotism is worthy of respect.

 

EURAXESS – Wide Possibilities for Georgia

Meeting at Shota Rustaveli National Science Foundation

Rust Fondi 2020

On January 10, 2020, a meeting was held at Shota Rustaveli National Science Foundation, within the frames of the project - EURAXESS Georgia. The Foundation initiates development of the services and trainings with participation of partner universities and scientific –research centers. The Academy was represented with two members – Deputy President Dr. Anatoli Giorgadze and Learned Secretary Dr. Revaz Lolishvili. General Director of the Foundation talked about wide perspectives of EURAXESS - Georgia and its further development. The Website will be on Georgian and English languages, besides instructions will be also in Abkhaz language.

Training of Trainers will be organized who will later conduct trainings about the application of the Platform and the perspectives of the Foundation in international projects. The goal of the planned measures is to raise the index of achievement of Georgian scholars.

Deputy Director, Nino Gachechiladze talked about the aims of EURAXESS - Georgia, its possibilities, communication strategy and expected results.

Series of activities conducted within the project EURAXESS - Georgia, also the content and timetable of planned trainings on the topic of the application of the platform was also discussed.

The representatives of Rustaveli Foundation Scientific Department Lana Davituliani and Salome Sharashenidze participated in the discussion held round the problem.

It was decided that one of the employees of the academy will participate in training sessions; and then the Academy of Agricultural Sciences will be registered as a scientific organization into the network EURAXESS – European Union organization of Researches and Innovations. Moreover, individual members of the Academy will be able to register in the network which will significantly increase opportunity of the GAAS members to be involved in international projects.

 

Shota Rustaveli National Science Foundation 2019 Summing up Event

On December 24, 2019, at Ivane Javakhishvili State University, a summing up meeting of Shota Rustaveli National Science Foundation was held. Among meeting participants were the representatives of Georgian Government and Parliament, Georgian academies, scientific societies, higher education institutions, and young researchers.

The Meeting was opened by Director of the Foundation Zviad Gabisonia.

The Minister of Education, Science, Culture and Sport M. Chkhenkeli, Head of the Parliament Committee of Education, Science and Culture Genadi Margvelashvili, and the Rector of Javakhishvili State University Giorgi Sharvashidze spoke about a significant role of the Foundation in development of science in the country.

Zviad Gabisonia presented a detailed account about the scientific work and activities conducted during the year of 2019, also, he spoke about the plans and perspectives of thee organization in 2020.

The Meeting continued working in three different Panels: first – “Development of Scientific Researches”, the second – “Popularization of Science”, and the third – “ Internationalization of Science”.

In the First Panel the following persons took part: Director of the Foundation Z. Gabisonia, N. Mitskevich, Deputy Minister of Ministry if Education, Science, Culture and Sport, the Rector of Javakhishvili State University Giorgi Sharvashidze, Academician E. Shapakidze, Head of Academic Department, GAAS, young researchers and a foundation grant recipient.

Academician E. Shapakidze talked about the scientific work of the Academy, perspective plans, and about participation of GAAS in the competitions announced by the Foundation.

At the meeting, it was mentioned that from 2013- till 2019 international scientific conferences organized by the Academy was financially supported by the Science Foundation. Moreover, in September 2020, a General Assembly of the Union of European Academies for Science applied to Agriculture, Food and Nature (UEAA), the member of which Georgian Academy has been since 2014, will be held in Tbilisi, hosted by Georgian Academy of Agricultural Sciences. At the same time, an International Conference on the topic: “Agricultural Mechanization in Europe and Perspectives” will be organized. E. Shapakidze informed the audience that the Academy has already started preparation work for the Conference to accomplish successfully the abovementioned scientific forum.

Academician J. Katsitadze, and Scholarship owners G. Kutelia and E. Katsitadze also took part in the final, summing up part of the meeting.  

 Rustavelis Fondi

First Panel participants from the left: Academician E. Shapakidze, Head of Academic Department, GAAS , Director of the Foundation Z. Gabisonia, , Deputy Minister of Ministry if Education, Science, Culture and Sport, N. Mitskevich, the Rector of Javakhishvili State University Giorgi Sharvashidze

The Meeting of Agrarian Innovations

On December 18, 2019, a Meeting of Agrarian Innovations was held. The presenters were the representatives of Georgian National Platform of Clusters Nodar Dzidzikashvili and Koba Kikabidze who delivered a lecture on: “The Conditions and Opportunities of Development of Economic Clusters in Georgia”.

A number of strategic documents regarding agricultural policy in Georgia has been set up in our country and they are in the process of discussion, such as : “The Strategy of Agriculture and Rural Development in 2021- 2027”.

The Document does not give the perspectives which may be provided by a new business organizational forms, such as clusters, agro-logistical platforms, and technological hubs.

Globalization encompasses all spheres of economic production, therefore Georgian producers could be also be involved in this network which will enhance the acquisition of new technologies and business management methods.

The Clusters also support employment opportunities, transfer of knowledge and technologies.

Because there is no political or legislative basis for the development of clusters in our country at present, it has started to develop - “Bottom - up” without little involvement of the Government. The main initiators are non-governmental organizations and business, though, in some cases the businessmen involved in cluster structures are not aware of the essence of the structure and do not have a clear understanding about the importance of its membership.

The clusters were presented at the meeting on the example of Bolnisi Municipality; and the focus was made on logistically integrated clusters of wine, essential oil, and other.

“Georgian National Platform of Clusters” in 2018 registered two Georgian clusters – Tourism and Tuberculosis Treatment on European Clusters Collaborative Platform. They both were awarded with Bronze Certificates and were located on European Map of Clusters.

# 51 Ivane Javakhishvili st, 0102, Tbilisi, Georgia. Tel. (+995 32) 291 01 14; 296 03 00;  294 13 20;

Email : conference.gaas@yahoo.com; gaasgeorgia@gmail.com.